On the 20th of September 2014, Emma Watson declared before the delegates of the United Nations, “Feminism by definition is: The belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes”. This was said as part of her speech declaring the launch of ‘HeForShe’, a campaign to convince males to join the feminist movement because “men ought to stand up for the rights of the women of the world who are their mothers, sisters and daughters”. This fight for the rights of women has utterly changed the face of the world since it began, and these changes have been overwhelmingly positive. Steven Pinker, Johnstone Family Professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard University, credits this movement not only with the changes to the justice system that respect the rights of both sexes, but also with a huge decrease in violence in society. In his book, The Better Angels Of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined, the feminization of society has had this effect because “Since violence is largely a male pastime, cultures that empower women tend to move away from the glorification of violence and are less likely to breed dangerous subcultures of rootless young men”. Continue reading
Out in a medium security prison in the west of Dublin city, an inmate is for the third time moved down the list of names for transferring to a new room in the prison. Gary is, by his own account, a model inmate with no history of violence or drug use while incarcerated. On finding his name has once again been arbitrarily bumped down the list for the third time, frustration continues building in him. He hates his current room because his neighbours are constantly playing music from their cells. He just wants somewhere quieter to sleep. Claiming that “the guards don’t do anything for you unless you give them trouble”, Gary is becoming more agitated by the day as he waits to be moved, pacing up and down the corridors, eyeballing the prison guards he knows to be in charge of transfers. He doesn’t say so openly, but his thoughts are dark. Continue reading
Sam Harris is a polarizing figure.
Standing at the forefront of what has been called the “New Atheist” movement, wielding a degree in English, a Masters in Philosophy, a decade of Buddhist meditation, and a PhD in Neuroscience, Harris has made a career out of attacking taboo and promoting a rational, empirical view of the world. His lack of regard for tact around highly sensitive issues such as religion and war has earned him legions of supporters around the world. This has provided him with a livelihood through which he can raise a family.
His lack of tact has also earned him enough death threats to cause him to fill his house with guns, hire bodyguards, and encourage all of his family (including his young daughters) to study martial arts. He regularly interacts with his critics, and has a page on his blog dedicated to correcting misrepresentations of his writing. He claims that many of his critics lie on purpose about his work, and that this only increases fears of violent retribution. He is regularly called a racist and accused of stoking the flames of intolerance towards people of religions from different countries, particularly Islam. Continue reading
In Ireland, there is a vast disconnect between the religious beliefs of college-age students and the beliefs of society overall. While census figures from 2011 established that 84.3 per cent of the population identify as Roman Catholic, a significant 20 per cent of college-age students identified as atheists in a poll by the Student Marketing Network, with less than 60 per cent identifying as Catholic. The scandals surrounding the abuse of children and single mothers by the Church throughout the past century have left their mark upon Irish society, and it is hard to see what direction the religious feelings of the Irish will take in the future. Will we forgive the abuses of the Catholic church and return to 1950s levels of belief and adherence? Will we turn to different Christian denominations, turn to other religions completely, or leave religion behind for good? Continue reading
In the 20th and 21th centuries, the governments of the world took part in a global experiment: recreational drug use was made a criminal offence in an attempt to discourage and ultimately eradicate drug use. The Drug War has failed to eradicate drug use, with global drug use rates still increasing over the past decade despite the efforts of law enforcement. The legalisation of all drugs in Ireland is proposed in this essay for the benefit of the Irish people, the Irish economy, and the addicts in our population. Three reasons given for this radical change to the criminal law system are: legalisation of drugs constitutes an economic war on drug cartels, rational drug legislation allows for health-driven policies towards individual drugs rather than a thoughtless blanket ban, and legalisation of drugs allows greater dedication of resources to scientifically-proven treatments of drug addicts. Continue reading